Sept. 18, 1731

“Decision/Conclusion” (‘Conclusum’) of the Senate of Frankfurt [Present-day Germany; Free Imperial City of Frankfurt/Holy Roman Empire]: “[…] the magistrates of the Holy Empire’s Free City of Frankfurt Holy are apprised herewith […] that in order to better handle the beggar-Jews, who sneak through the city gates under the pretext of being trade-Jews and then leave because they do not want to pay the common night-fee which generates a lot of mischief and fraud […] we ask that the Jewish heads-of-communities (‘Juden-Baumeister’) leave their alms at the city gates [… and that] Beggar-Jews who still sneak into the city […] are subjected to 8 to 14 days of trench-digging-work (‘Schanzen-Arbeit’). […]”
Sammlung der Verordnungen der Reichsstadt Frankfurt von Johnn Conradin Beyerbach. Sechster Theil. (Collection of ordinance of the Imperial City of Frankfurt. Part six.); (Frankfurt am Main; 1799); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 3/25/2020 ADD PAGE #