Sept. 27, 1774

“Ordinance” issued by the Austrian Government [Present-day Austria; Archduchy of Austria]: “The Jews are completely [to be] excluded from trading with saltpeter/niter and powder.” [Researcher’s note: A similar prohibition was issued via the Patent of December 21, 1807. Jews were also strictly prohibited from extracting/producing saltpeter/niter via Patent of December 1, 1807.]
Erzherzogthum Oesterreich unter der Enns. Von Christian Johann Paurnfeindt, wirklichen k. k. Rath und Referenten bei dem niederösterr. Mercantil- und Wechselgerichte; (Wien; 1836); (“Trade book of commercial laws and its procedural application to the commercial/trade courts, with special consideration of the Archduchy of Austria under the Enns.  By Christian Johann Paurnfeindt, real/true r[oyal] i[mperial] advisor and referent at the Lower Austrian commercial/trade and exchange court); (Vienna; 1836); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 8/26/2018