Oct. 29, 1781

“Ordinance for Jewish compatriots” issued by Duke Fredrick Francis I (‘Friedrich Franz’) of Mecklenburg-Schwerin [Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; Present-day Germany]: “‘Only Jews who are settled [in Mecklenburg-Schwerin] with their families are to be granted citizens rights.’ […] Frederick Francis, Duke of Mecklenburg […] Even though, we had graciously hoped that Our faithful cities were not granting foreign Jews or Kramer – who do not contribute in any way to Our cities – a sort of citizenship -rights against a small contribution […] which allows them to pursue trade in the city and on the countryside [to the disadvantage and detriment of Our true subjects.…] This is why we wish to issue an […] earnest warning herewith […] that you should neither enter into a disadvantageous accord with foreign Jews against a payment, nor grant citizenship rights to anyone except if they have settled in one of Our cities with wife and child and [their own] fire [place] and a stove in order for you to avoid indiscriminate punishment […]”
Sammlung aller für das Großherzogthum Mecklenburg-Schwerin gültigen Landes-Gesetze von den ältesten Zeiten bis zu Ende des Jahres 1834. Vierter Band. Kirchen- und Schulgesetze. (Collection of all state laws issued in the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from the earliest times to the end of 1834. 4th Volume. Church and school laws.); (Wismar; 1836); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 2/5/2020