Oct. 6, 1782

“Governmental Decree” issued by the Austrian Government and addressed to the Galician Government [Present-day Austria, Poland and Ukraine]: “[…] no residency permits may be issued to Galician Jews for the sale of wine, horses, and books, as well as the pursuit of commercial trade, since such activities are only permitted to authorized trades-people and tolerated Jews, […] and could potentially be detrimental to the negotiations/businesses of the Viennese businessmen and tolerated Jews […]”
Beyträge zur politischen Gesetzkunde im österreichischen Kaiserstaate; Herausgegeben von Johann Ludwig Ehrereich (Graf von Barth-Barthenheim): Erster Band; (Wien; 1821); (Contributions to the Political Statutes of the Austrian Royal State; published by Johann Ludwig Ehrereich (Earl of Barth-Barthenheim); Volume I); (Vienna; 1821); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 11/3/2017