Oct. 30, 1790

“Governmental Circular” issued by the Austrian Government [Present-day Austria]: “[…] [for tolerated Jews] to offer a foreign Jew without a residency-ticket/permit (‘Aufenthaltsschein’) shelter, [or] to put them up in their home, or to keep them past the appointed/specified time, or [worse yet] to pass them up as their servant […] is prohibited to Jews with threat of loss of their toleration. […] Christians who dare (are pertinent enough) to give shelter to Jews without a [valid] permit (‘Passierzettel’), to put them up in their home, or to keep them (at home) past the appointed/specified time, are to be fined 24 Reichsthaler for each unlawful provision and an additional 6 Reichstahler for each additional [unauthorized] day […].” [Researcher’s note: Those unable to pay the fine were subjected to corporal punishment fitting the crime.]
Beyträge zur politischen Gesetzkunde im österreichischen Kaiserstaate; Herausgegeben von Johann Ludwig Ehrereich (Graf von Barth-Barthenheim): Erster Band; (Wien; 1821); (Contributions to the Political Statutes of the Austrian Royal State; published by Johann Ludwig Ehrereich (Earl of Barth-Barthenheim); (Volume I); (Vienna; 1821); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 12/1/2017