Feb. 18, 1813

“Governmental Circular” issued by the Austrian Government [Present-day Austria]: “[…] In places, where Jews are not tolerated, they shall remain excluded from the [perishable] food trade (‘Victualien-Handel’)* […]” [Researcher’s note: *’Victualien’ were food items that were meant for daily use or immediate consumption.]
Beyträge zur Politischen Gesetzeskunde im österreichischen Kaiserstaate. Herausgegeben von Johann Ludwig Ehrenreich (Graf von Barth-Barthenheim); Erster Band. (Wien; 1821) (Contributions to the Political Jurisprudence in the Austrian Imperial State.  Volume I; Edited/Published by Johann Ludwig Ehrenreich (Count of Barth-Barthenheim)); (Vienna; 1821); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 4/25/2018 ADD PAGE #