ca. 1831

[Possible/Probable] Organic Regulation in occupied Moldavia [Russia / Occupied Wallachia and Moldavia / Present-day Romania] 

Commentary from other sources:
1) “During Russia’s occupation of Wallachia and Moldavia, a capable Russian administrator by the name of Count Pavel Kiselev took steps to rid the principalities of Turkish inefficiency and corruption…Probably his most important contribution to Romania, however, was to oversee the drafting and ratification of the Règlement Organique or Regulamente Organice (Organic Regulations) — one for each principality. These two charters (or constitutions) were the first fundamental laws in the principalities and gave identical political structures to both Wallachia and Moldavia. The Organic Regulations were put into effect in July 1831 in Moldavia and in January 1832 in Wallachia. They remained in effect for about 25 years, until the end of the Crimean War (1854-1856) and the Congress of Paris (1856)…Unfortunately, Chapter 3, Section 94 of the Organic Regulations was blatantly anti-Semitic. It required that Jews register with the local authorities, specifying their occupation. The purpose of this requirement was to allow the state to expel any Jews who were unable to demonstrate their ‘usefulness’ to the satisfaction of the government. It was also a way for non-Jewish merchants to eliminate the competition.”

“Modern History 1830-1839; Organic Regulations.” Online article