ca. 1859

“Regulations for Jews Regarding Oath Taking” [Prussia / Germany] [Unconfirmed] 

Commentary from other sources:
1) “All oath taken by Jews are to be done so in an synagogue or a school. 2) The [Jewish] oath taker has to bring two witnesses; there also has to be a Rabbi present or a Jewish scholar or assessor. 3) if the defending party is also a local Jew, they have to present during the oath taking, too. They are threatened by the Rabbi, assessor or scholar with excommunication, if they insist on taking an oath without a reason. They are to respond to the announcement with Amen. 4) [Jewish] Persons taking an oat[h] are to prepare for it by washing their hands and wearing on a prayer shawl and prayer rope. 5) It is up to the judge to have the rabbi warn the oath taker in private of the punishments for perjury or to do so in public. 6) All Israelis are required to tell the truth during litigations and had to support their statement with an oath. Those who willingly lie and go against the Christian authorities are committing a crime against God and are guilty of perjury. 7) Rabbi’s are forced to remind oath takers of the word of God coming down from the mount of Sinai: ‘You are not to misuse the name of your eternal God by lying.’ 8) While all other criminals can hope free themselves from the punishment of God, those who commit perjury cannot hope for relief, because God won’t allow those who lie to go unpunished. 9) While punishment of all other crimes only effects only those at fault (and those who could have prevented it), a perjury affects the entire family because God is to punish those who lie in his name for 3 or 4 generations to come. 10) Punishments for all other crimes can be delayed by God’s mercy’ however those committing a perjury are to face their punishment immediately. 11) Jews are required to hold a Torah and take an oath starting with ‘I swear by Adonai, the God of Israel,’ and finish with ‘Amen.'”
Heinemann, J.: Sammlung der religiösen und bürgerliche Verfassung der Juden in den königl. Preuß Staaten betreffend den Gesetze, Vervordnungen, Gutaschten, Berichte und Erkenntinisse. (1831) p. 504