Nov. 3, 1346

Writ of Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV [Present-day Germany]: “We, Louis (‘Ludowich’), Roman Emperor by the grace of God […] announce publicly with this letter that we have pledged all Jews of Speyer and Worms – our chamber-servants, who live there right now and those who will in the future – along with all of their rights, services, and use […] which are rightfully ours and that of the empire […] to the high-born/noble Palatine-Count Rupert (‘Ruprecht’), the old […] Duke of Bavaria and our brother-in-law and prince for 2000 Mark silver so that they should have and use these Jews […]”
Urkunden zur Geschichte der Stadt Speyer. Mit Historischen Verein der Pfalz zu Speyer gewidmet von Heinrich Hilgard-Villard. Gesammelt und herausgegeben von Alfred Hilgard. (Strassburg; 1885); (Official documents regarding the history of the city Speyer. With the Historical Society of the Palatine of Speyer, dedicated by Heinrich Hilgard-Willard. Collected and published by Alfred Hilgard. (Strasbourg; 1885); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 7/7/2020 ADD PAGE #