Jul. 4, 1401

“Order” of King Ruprecht [Present-day Germany; Wittelsbach Dynasty]: “We, Ruprecht, […] order with this letter officially, that the Jews of Cologne […] give Our beloved and faithful Wilhelm Freschin — provost to the apostles to Cologne — and Schilling of Flig — Hofmeister to the venerable Archbishop Friedrich of Cologne and Our beloved nephew — […] a golden penny (‘guldin pfennig’) annually for their magnificent service which they have afforded to Us in the past and will do so in the future […] this order goes into effect with this letter […] until it is revoked by Us or Our successor […].”
König Rupercht von der Pfalz in seinen Beziehungen zu den Juden – Ungedruckte Königsurkunden nebst ergänzenden Aktenstücken; Gesammelt und mitgeteilt von Moritz Stern; (Kiel, 1898); p. 4; (King Ruprecht of the Rhineland-Palatinate in his Relations with the Jews – Unpublished Royal Documents along with supplementary files; collected and shared by Moritz Stern); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 5/6/2017