Sept. 8, 1685

“Rescript Addressed to the Superior Courts” issued by Duke Fredrick William of Prussia [Prussia / Present-day Germany and Poland]: “It is not unknown to Us that there are a lot of Jews found in Our cities that have swindled Christians out of thousands of Reichstaler and that they [Christians] never received repayment or any other kind of satisfaction for those acts; and since they do not have any means of payment and are otherwise difficult to be held accountable, we command that all Jews in the country are to provide a deposit (bail) of 1000 Reichstaler in order to prevent this kind of behavior in the future. Those who pay the bail/deposit are allowed to remain in the country while those who refuse are to leave the country within 6 weeks of this ordinance to avoid serious punishment.”
Stern, Selma: Der Preussische Staat und die Juden, Vol. 1. (The Prussian State and the Jews) (1962) p. 57, Berliner Staats Archiv R 21-207 b 2 a, Accessed online; Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 12/6/2015