Feb. 7, 1687

“Edict (‘Edictum’) issued by Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg Ernest Augustus”* [Present-day Germany; Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg]: “We, Ernst Augustus, by the grace of God Bishop of Osnabrück. Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg […] It has been reported to us that some of our officers, as well as court-men/judges (‘Gerichts-Herren’) and other authorities in small cities have accepted various Jews [into their cities] and have permitted them to pursue trade and exchange without having received a protection and escort letter (‘Schutz- und Geleit-Briefen’) from us. However, since the issuance of a Jewish-escort [letter] is reserved to the supreme princely-authorities, which means to Us in Our principalities […] We order herewith all and every one of Our officers as well as all courts and authorities in these cities […] to report all those Jews who cannot show to have a letter of protection (‘Schutzbrief’) or any other escort-permit from Us and to expel them and their families from our lands/domains within a month, or to apply and receive such a permit from us within the same period. […] those who enter Our lands after that months has passed, are to be arrested and We or Our secret-councils are to be informed immediately. We wish with all earnestness to have all places/towns (‘Orte’) where this order is ignored to be seriously discipled and punished. Issued in Our city of residency, Hannover, February 7, 1687. […]” [Researcher’s note: *Ernest Augustus also ruled over the Principality of Calenberg and Prince-Bishop of the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück.]
Chur-Braunschweig-Lüneburgische Landes-Ordnung und Gesetze, und zwar Capvt Tertivm worinn enthalten bis das Militar – Wesen angehende Verordnungen. Zum Gebrauch der Fürstenthümer, Graf- und Herrschaften Calenbergischen Theils. (Local/land ordinances and laws of the [Elector]-Principality of Brunswick-Lüneburg, namely the third part, which contain the ordinances that pertain to the military. For the use of the principalities, counties and lordships of Calenberg.); (Göttingen; 1740); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 10/8/2019 ADD PAGE #