Jun. 5, 1705

“Patent” of Holy Roman Emperor Joseph I [Present-day Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy; Holy Roman Empire]: “[…] 17) Starting with the day this Patent is made public until the end of 1805, no Jew shall be permitted to trade (purchase and sell) with grain; those Jews, however, who are blessed with grain reserves, are to report these according to the manner described in this Patent, and to sell these by the end of August the latest or face the stipulated punishments. Should a Jew dare to act against this prohibition, he is to face the confiscation of [his] grain[-reserves], and should that no longer be available, its value in cash according to the directions outlines in §11 and §12; Christians, on the other hand, who dare to allow a Jew to trade with grain under the disguise of their name, shall be fined its equivalent in cash or receive corporal punishment or jail time in alignment with the [severity of the] crime. […]”
Fortsetzung der von Johann Roth verfassten Sammlung in dem Königreiche Böhmen kundgemachten Gesetze und Verordnungen in alphabetischer Ordnung gereiht. Die Gesetze und Verordnungen vom Jahre 1802 bis Ende des Jahres 1818 in sich fassend. Neu aufgelegt, verbessert und vermehrt durch Johann Kanka, J. U. D. und beeideten Landesadvokaten im Königreiche Böhmen. Dreizehnter Teil. Von Gef to Gew.; (Prag; 1823); (Continuation of the collection of published laws and regulations in the Kingdom of Bohemia compiled by Johan Roth in alphabetic order. Laws and ordinances from 1802 to 1818 inclusive. Reissued, improved, and augmented by Johann Kanka, J. [U.] D. and sworn state advocate in the Kingdom of Bohemia. Thirteenth part. From Gef to Gew.); (Prague; 1823); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 4/18/2019