Jul. 23, 1710

“Expulsion of foreign* Jews because of the spreading of the pest” [Archdukedom of Austria / Present-day Austria]: “We Joseph […] order all Our chosen magistrates/authorities, clergymen, (world) citizens […] remove all unknown Jews from Our capital and place of residency […] and Archdukedom of Austria within 3 days in Our attempt to manage this disaster […] since we suspect that it is because of the doing and dealing of Jews and their often unclean way of living that illnesses as pest could be bred and brought into Our precious fatherland […] and prohibit all Jews without a courtly pass to sneak back under any circumstance or face the punishment of ‘Ausstreichens’** immediately and with full force of the law. It is therefore His R. [Majesty’s] gracious resolution that the before mentioned authorities, especially the guilds […] keep an eye on all Jews and don’t allow them – whether they are coming from foreign countries or from part of Our inherited kingdoms – and that they are not to be allowed to enter the Dukedom of Austria under Enns […] and that they are to receive a flogging (“Ausstreichen”) when they are found which is now made know through this edict; something that each and everyone should use as a guideline in order to prevent punishment.” [Researcher’s note: *Even though, the heading of his decree reads “foreign” Jews, Joseph I applied it to all “unknown” Jews – even those coming from other areas under his own reign (Hungary, Bohemia, …). ** The details of the physical punishment “Ausstreichen” are not clarified, but may refer to a form of flogging.]
Braumüller, Wilhelm: Urkunden und Akten zur Geschichte der Juden in Wien. Erste Abteilung. Allgemeiner Teil 1526-1847. Erster Band. (Wien) 1918; p. 281, Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 3/18/2016