Apr. 2, 1812

“Governmental Ordinance” issued by the Austrian Government [Present-day Austria]: “The non-local Jews, who visit the markets in Vienna, cannot be prohibited to lease stores […] and to keep them open after the market has closed [because they have to make necessary arrangements] which cannot be denied to them without considerably restricting their right of ownership. Therefore, the watchfulness of the Royal Imperial Police (‘k. k. Polizey’) is to be aimed at making sure that — if the stores are still open during after hours – that only necessary precautions are taken but that no trade/sale is made. […]”
Beyträge zur Politischen Gesetzeskunde im österreichischen Kaiserstaate. Herausgegeben von Johann Ludwig Ehrenreich (Graf von Barth-Barthenheim); Erster Band. (Wien; 1821) (Contributions to the Political Jurisprudence in the Austrian Imperial State. Volume I; Edited/Published by Johann Ludwig Ehrenreich (Count of Barth-Barthenheim)) (Vienna; 1821); Researched and Translated by Ziba Shadjaani 6/17/2018