Dec. 17, 1862

General Order No. 11 issued by General Ulysses S. Grant [United States]: “The Jews, as a class violating every regulation of trade established by the Treasury Department and also department orders, are hereby expelled from the department [the ‘Department of the Tennessee,’ an administrative district of the Union Army of occupation composed of Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi] within twenty-four hours from the receipt of this order. Post commanders will see to it that all of this class of people be furnished passes and required to leave, and any one returning after such notification will be arrested and held in confinement until an opportunity occurs of sending them out as prisoners, unless furnished with permit from headquarters.”
“General Grant’s Infamy.” No author, Article; Accessed online 7/18/2011

Editor’s note: As soon as General Orders No. 11 became known, much pressure was put on the Lincoln White House by the Jewish community and others to recall the Order. When President Lincoln finally found out about General Orders No. 11 ” … Lincoln did instantly command the general in chief of the army, Henry Halleck, to countermand General Orders No. 11.” [Halleck then wrote to Grant,] ” ‘If such an order has been issued,’ his telegram of January 4 [1863] read, ‘it will be immediately revoked.’ Two days later, [January 6, 1863] several urgent telegrams went out from Grant’s headquarters in obedience to that demand: ‘By direction of the General in Chief of the Army at Washington,’ they read, ‘the General Order from these Head Quarters expelling Jews from this Department is hereby revoked.'”
When General Grant Expelled the JewsJonathan D. Sarna, Pages 21-22; On March 4, 1869, Grant was inaugurated as the 18th president of the United States, and on November 4, 1872, Grant won a second term as president, carrying 31 of 37 states